Two PhD Positions in the ERC Starting Grant: Study of Islam in Interwar Europe

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Two PhD Positions in the ERC Starting Grant: Study of Islam in Interwar Europe

The Faculty of Humanities hosts a wealth of expertise in fields including philosophy, history, art history, literature, linguistics, and area studies, covering practically the entire world. The Leiden Institute for Religious Studies (LIRS) is one of seven research institutes within the Faculty of Humanities. LIRS creates unique opportunities to study multiple religious traditions from antiquity to the modern age.


The PhD students will work within a research programme funded by the European Research Council (ERC Starting Grant), entitled: Neither visitors, nor colonial victims: Muslims in Interwar Europe and European Trans-cultural History Principal investigator/supervisor of this research programme is Dr.Umar Ryad (Islamic Studies, LIRS). The Leiden Institute for Religious Studies (LIRS) invites applicants for:


Two PhD Positions in the ERC Starting Grant: Study of Islam in Interwar Europe (1.0 fte) . Vacancy numbers: 13-271 & 13-272

Description of the ERC Starting Grant research programme and the two PhD projects:

This ERC Starting Grant programme will cover the history of Muslims in interwar Europe. The project will go beyond the existing works that focus either on the nineteenth-century Muslim travelers, diplomats, students and residents or on the later post-World War II influx of Muslim immigrant workers.


The research project will study Muslim networks in interwar Europe as neither simply visitors nor colonial victims, but that they constituted a group of engaged actors in the European and international space. Since such Muslim actors were active in Europe, having intensive contacts with peers across colonial lines, the focus on their activities and networks challenges the long standing historiographical assumptions that ignored their significance for the history of Europe. The project team shall hypothesize that histoire croise (entangled history) is the most appropriate approach to study the encounters and experiences of Muslim actors in interwar Europe from within.


By exploring the complex relationship between the historical data and the social, political, theological and cultural patterns of Muslims as a new social structure in interwar Europe, the project will represent a step towards a systematic global approach of Muslim connections in interwar Europe. Based on personal and official archives, memoirs, press writings and correspondences, this project analyses the multiple aspects of the global Muslim religious, political and intellectual affiliations in interwar Europe, broadly defined. How did Muslims in interwar Europe act andinteract among each other; and within the European socio-political and cultural context?


The project contributes to our historical conceptualization of Europe itself as much as to our understanding of the contemporary scene of Islam in Europe and the world today, without resorting to a neatly tailored hypothesis. Many Muslim groups in the West nowadays still trace their heritage to the ideas of the great reformers of the early twentieth century. More historical reflection on Islam in Europe can put the present “fear” for the Islamization of the West into perspective.


PhD project 1: Muslim Religious Identity and Institutions Vacancy number: 13-271

A number of official mosques were established in Europe after World War I: (Working Mosque in London (1914), Berlin (1923-1925), and Paris (1926). This PhD-project will investigate the question whether religion was a well-embedded framework of reference to the self-identification of Muslims in interwar Europe. It will address the question how Muslim mediators were trying to develop forms of social, intellectual and political agencies in religious ideological terms.


What were the structures and role of mosques and religious (missionary) institutions in Europe? How did the European recipient societies react to their existence? Did the activists and thinkers in question perceive Islam in the singular, and as something distinct? Or did they consider their Muslim identity as merely one aspect of their complex experience as individuals living in Europe? How did Muslims define Islam (for instance, with regard to the diversity of Islamic schools, ethnic origins etc.) and the Muslim community (for instance, with regard to class differences, educational background, urban/rural background, migrants/indigenous Muslims)?


How did such actors relate to non-Muslim communities, movements or intellectual trends? In what ways did Muslims try to enhance/adjust their sense of religiosity in their search for religious-based interpretations in a secular context? Were there other affinities than religion which bound these groups of Muslims? How far were these historical actors motivated by religious ideals? How far did they propagate a kind of a “European Islam”?


PhD project 2: Political activism and Pan-Islamism Vacancy number: 13-272

In their attempt to overturn the domination of the post-World War I international order by France and Britain, a number of Muslim nationalists assumed anti-imperialist, leftist, Fascist and Nazi coalitions as allies in their anti-imperial struggle. Muslims in interwar Europe were entangled between their personal experiences of the universal notions of global democracy, freedom and civilization propagated inside Europe, and the imperialist contrasting Eurocentric politics outside.


Most Muslim political mediators chose Switzerland, Germany, Britain and France as central regions for their political mobility. This PhD-project will examine the impact, forms, and the geopolitical intellectual East-West connections of Muslim political activism in interwar Europe. This sub-project will shift the emphasis on Muslim nationalism as a modern secular project, to its interwar variety of guises, causes and transitions. It investigates Muslim political engagement in history through their interactions in/with European societies by addressing such question: How did Islam and politics interact in the western environment?


How did pan-Islamic political ideologies and expatriate identities interplay with European political regional and quasi-national ideas and movements? How and why did they resort to European cultural/political frameworks in their struggle? In what way did they shape the visions of pan-Islam to incorporate the notion of international solidarity among fellow Muslims?


Termenul de aplicare a fost pana la 21 Octombrie 2013

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