THE BABES-BOLYAI UNIVERSITY - HISTORY, MISSION AND ADMINISTRATION

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THE BABES-BOLYAI UNIVERSITY - HISTORY,  MISSION AND ADMINISTRATION
Mission
Babes-Bolyai University is an academic educational public institution aiming to promote and sustain the development of specific cultural components within the local, regional, national and international community. In the present context these components are:

•    An action culture based on systematic and innovative knowledge (culture of scientific and technological competence, organizational competence and civil competence)
•    A permanent and innovative learning culture
•    Multiculturalism, intercultural dialogue and collaboration between different religions
•    A culture for personal and moral development
•    A culture for an active attitude and participation
•    A culture for personal development
History
The universities appeared in Europe in the 11th century, their birth bringing along varied expectations: the facilitation of life through knowledge, for many people; the securing of influence for the cultural elites; the consolidation of domination for those in power; the increase of the living standards for those living in university cities. Frederic Barbarossa made it clear in Authentica Habita (1155) the conviction that "though science, the world becomes enlightened, and the lives of the subjects are gathered through submission to God and His servant, the Emperor".
The Cluj University lays on the foundation of a long evolution of the attempts to establishes a site for higher education studies in Transylvania ¬ an attractive area for the Western Europeans and an arena of religious and, later on, political fights, related to the history of our continent.
This evolution begins with the intention of the prince Ioan Sigismund to set up in 1567 an academy of studies in Sebes (Alba), but it is firstly materialised through the initiative of Stefan Bathory to lay the foundations, following the establishment of universities in Bratislava, Buda and Tarnovo, of a college in Cluj, in 1581, under the control of the Jesuits and having the Italian Antonio Possevino and rector. This college was later closed down, and the protestants and the Unitarians set the bases of other colleges, in 1692 Gabriel Bethlen established the Calvinist college in Alba Iulia, with theology, philosophy and language studies, this college being headed by Alstedt. The Catholics took the initiative again and established, in 1688, an academy in Cluj under the control of the Jesuits. In an effort of confessional reconciliation, in 1776, Empress Maria Tereza founded a university in German in Cluj. But this enterprise was not to survive long wither, Joseph II replacing the university with the famous Piarist Highschool, where the teaching was done in Latin.
In the context of the 1848 change, the issue of setting up a university in the national language was explicitly raised. The Romanians, the majority population in Transylvania, asked for a university in Romanian. Among the then Hungarian leaders, the minister Eotvos suggested in 1868 the creation in Cluj of a university in which the teaching was to be in Hungarian, Romanian and German, and a part of the Romanian elite supported the proposal. But, in 1872, the authorities established the University of Cluj exclusively in Hungarian, which caused the discontent of the Romanian majority. At the end of World War I, against the background of the Great Unification, the Cluj University, just like the universalities in Strasbourg and Bratislava, was taken over by the state authorities, becoming an institution of completed Romanian. On may 12, 1919, the Romanian University of Cluj was set up, whose courses were inaugurated on November 3, 1919, By Vasile Parvan with a lecture entitled "The Duty of Our Life", king Ferdinand I solemnly proclaiming the university on February 1, 1920. The new university was set by the king of Romania under the motto that once, imprinted in marble, guarded the entrance in the central building: "dedicated to truth, through justice -the only elements leading to the agreement among the different peoples of the world ¬ this site of great culture will be useful to the people and to humanity, honouring itself and honouring us as well through its scientific work".
In 1940, as a result of the territorial revision imposed by the then Germany and Italy, the Romanian university was moved to Sibiu and Timisoara, and the Hungarian university was brought from Szeged to Cluj. After World War II, once the Vienna Dictate was abrogated, the Romanian university returned to Cluj and took the name of "Babes". In 1945 the Romanian authorities established in Cluj the Hungarian university named "Bolyai". The two universities were reunited in 1956 under the name Babes-Bolyai University, where the teaching was being done in Romanian and Hungarian. Subsequently, under the Ceausescu regime, the studies in Hungarian were gradually reduced.
In December 1989, in Babes-Bolyai University there was a very active movement of young students and academic staff with the purpose of recovering the professional and democratic tradition of the university and to reform the institution. The starting point of the new dynamics of the university was represented by the proclamation "For a New University of Dacia Superior" and the subsequent active action of many Romanian, Hungarian, German, Jewish academics, dominated by the preoccupation to re-establish the prevalence of professionalism in the university and to integrate it in the world of the free world values.
The development to the Cluj University can be illustrated by a few synthetic data of its evolution taking into account the years 1938, 1970, 1989, 1992, and 1999.
In 1938, the Cluj University had 3094 students in four faculties, trained by 115 members of the academic staff (4 honorary professors, 84 full-time professors, 29 associated professors, senior lecturers, assistants) and 245 lecturers, and teaching assistants. Up to that point, the Central University Library, Academic College, the University Office, the Publishing Office, the University extension, the Institute for Experimental Psychology, the Sports Park and other units had been organised.
In 1971, Babes-Bolyai University reached the maximum figure of its post-war development, having 14438 students in 8 faculties, taking 36 specialisations under the guidance of 648 members of the academic staff. Meanwhile, the university built the dormitories in the Hasdeu Complex. After 1971, as a result of the erroneous university policy of the Ceausescu regime, Babes-Bolyai University was dramatically reduced. In 1989 the number of students in our university dropped to 5940 taking courses in 7 faculties with 19 specialisations under the supervision of 626 academic staff members.
In 1992, Babes-Bolyai University recreated the structure of specialisations it had during its peak previous development. The number of students reached 12247, studying in 11 faculties and 55 specialisations, being assisted by 826 academic staff members.
Since 1993, the most comprehensive and the strongest development in the history of the Cluj University was recorded. Our university is now the most diversified (in terms of specialisations) and the most complex higher education institution in Romania. In 1996 the building of the new campus started, and in 199 the building of the new complex of student dorms of our university was begun. In 2004 Babes-Bolyai University reached the greatest development in its entire history.
The above-mentioned development has gone through many crucially important decisions and radically new initiatives regarding the organisation of studies, the development of scientific research, the extension of the community services offered, the modernising of the infrastructure, the creation of the modern communication network, the involvement of Babes-Bolyai University in the democratisation and the transition of Romania. The decisions of transforming Babes-Bolyai University in a prestigious university of Central and Eastern Europe (1994), of intellectual, civic, and moral committment to the democratisation of Romania and Euro-Atlantic integration (1993), of massively expanding the infrastructure investments (1996), of reorganisation according of a multilingual and multicultural profile (1995), of transforming it into a relevant institution of the international system of universities (2000), of confronting the conditions of globalisation with new initiatives (2003) have been among the crucially important decisions for the current profiling of Babes-Bolyai University.
 Multilingualism, multiculturality, autonomy
The Babes-Bolyai University is the oldest academic institution in Romanian, which embodies the entire academic tradition in Transylvania, inaugurated with the Jesuit College founded by Prince Stephan Bathory in 1581.
The Babes-Bolyai University brings together the cultural, scientific, and religious traditions in Transylvania . The Babes-Bolyai University has developed a multicultural educational programme according to the legislation in force in Romania and according to European values.
The symbols and inscriptions in the languages of the ethnic communities are present at Babes-Bolyai University .
The system of multicultural organization set up by the Charter of Babes-Bolyai University (1995) ensures complete education in Romanian, Hungarian, German, as well as Jewish studies at all levels of academic study: bachelor, master, doctorate, long distance and adult education. This system ensures, through adequate regulations, the autonomy of the Romanian, Hungarian, and German lines of studies and the right to draw up and implement own decisions regarding human resources, international cooperation, scientific research, and to publish in Romanian, Hungarian or German.
The regulations adopted by Babes-Bolyai University were drawn up taking into account the best interest of Romanians, of the Hungarians, of the Germans, of the Jewish people, as well as the legislation of the Romanian state, the criteria of performance and of professionalism.
The multicultural system transformed Babes-Bolyai University into the largest and most complex university in Romania . Never before have so many Romanians studied at the main university of Transylvania; never before have so many Hungarians studied here; never before have there been more opportunities to study in German; never before has the history and the culture of the Jewish people been so broadly covered in academic circumstances. Never before has there been such a diversified range of specializations.
The multicultural and multilingual system set up at Babes-Bolyai University has been evaluated positively by qualified international bodies - The OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities , Salzburg Seminar, European University Association - and has consequently been recommended internationally as model of organization.
The multicultural system has been appreciated positively by prestigious universities in Europe, with whom Babes-Bolyai University has agreements of interuniversity cooperation, and with whom it organizes regular meetings to establish and evaluate key features of the cooperation programmes.
The recommendations made by The OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities with a view to improving the multicultural system have been fully included in the university Charter , and have been implemented since 2001.
The Babes-Bolyai University constantly promotes professionalism and competitiveness for the integration in the European Higher Education Area. Up to this day there has never been any complaint of ethnic discrimination. Every international evaluation has shown positive conclusions.
•    The publishing houses of the Babes-Bolyai University encourage the use of widely spoken languages. They edit publications in Romanian, Hungarian and German.
•    The diplomas of study are issued in the official language of the state, as stipulated in the Constitution of Romania . PhD. Diplomas can also be issued in widely spoken languages.
•    Romanian, Hungarian and German are the language of teaching and communication for one of the main lines of study of the Babes-Bolyai University .
•    The recommendations made by The OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities have been entirely included in the Babes-Bolyai University regulations and have been implemented as such.
•    The autonomy of decision of the Romanian, Hungarian and German line of study in the university is a reality certified by the presence of Romanians, Hungarians and Germans in all decision bodies, as well as by the international evaluations of the Babes-Bolyai University .
RECTOR''S OFFICE
Rector
Romanian line of study: 3 Vice-Rectors
Hungarian line of study: 2 Vice-Rectors
German line of study: 1 Vice-Rector
1 General Chancellor
ACADEMIC COUNCIL
President
Hungarian line of study: 1 Vice-President
German line of study: 1 Vice-President
Members: Romanian line of study: 4
Hungarian line of study: 1
GENERAL SECRETARIAT
General secretary (and Hungarian line of study)
Deputy general secretary: Romanian line of study
German line of stud
STRUCTURE OF THE UNIVERSITY SENATE (based on the number of teaching staff and of students in faculties)
Total number of members: 117
Members from the teaching staff: 85
Romanian line of study: 61
Hungarian line of study: 20
German line of study: 4
Senate member General Director: 1
Student senate members: 31
Romanian line of study: 20
Hungarian line of study: 10
German line of study: 1
FACULTY ADMINISTRATION
Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science
Romanian line of study: dean, 1 vice-dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: 1 vice-dean, secretary
German line of study: secretary
Faculty of Physics
Romanian line of study: dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: 1 vice-dean, secretary
German line of study: secretary
Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
Romanian line of study: dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: 1 vice-dean, secretary
Faculty of Biology and Geology
Romanian line of study: dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: 1 vice-dean, secretary
German line of study: secretary
Faculty of Geography
Romanian line of study: dean, 2 vice-deans, chancellor, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: 1 vice-dean, secretary
German line of study: secretary
Faculty of Environmental Sciences
Romanian line of study: dean, vice-dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: secretary
Faculty of Law
Romanian line of study: dean, vice-dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Faculty of Letters
Romanian line of study: dean, 2 vice-deans, chancellor, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: 1 vice-dean, secretary
German line of study: secretary
Faculty of History and Philosophy
Romanian line of study: dean, 1 vice-dean, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: 1 vice-dean, chancellor, secretary
German line of study: secretary
Faculty of Sociology and Social Work
Romanian line of study: dean, 1 vice-dean, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: 1 vice-dean, secretary
German line of study: secretary
Faculty of Psychology and Sciences of Education
Romanian line of study: dean, 1 vice-dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: 1 vice-dean, 2 secretaries
German line of study: secretary
Faculty of Economics and Business Administration
Romanian line of study: dean, 2 vice-deans, chancellor, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: 1 vice-dean, secretary
German line of study: secretary
Faculty of European Studies
Romanian line of study: dean, 2 vice-deans, chancellor, chief secretary
German line of study: secretary
Faculty of Business
Romanian line of study: dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Faculty of Political Sciences, Public Administration and Communication
Romanian line of study: dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: 1 vice-dean, 2 secretaries
German line of study: secretary
Faculty of Physical Education and Sports
Romanian line of study: dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: 1 vice-dean, secretary
German line of study: secretary
Faculty of Orthodox Theology
Romanian line of study: dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Faculty of Greek Catholic Theology
Romanian line of study: dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Faculty of Reformed Theology
Hungarian line of study: dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Faculty of Roman Catholic Theology
Hungarian line of study: dean, chancellor, chief secretary
Faculty of Drama and Television Studies
Romanian line of study: dean, chief secretary
Hungarian line of study: secretary


 
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