REFERAT ENGLEZA: BRAVE NEW WORLD BY ALDOUS HUXLEY

Publicat: 01 Iun 2009 00:00

I know there are many good books in the world, but one must try to read only the best. In my opinion, Aldous Huxley's Brave New World is one of the best books ever written. I realize that I am not in the position to decide which book is best, but I can't help but observe that Brave New World is not only an incredible story and a very well written novel, but is a story that has manage to rise many questions and to provoke a lot of thinking and debate since it was published. So, this book is not only my favourite book, but I have good reasons to believe that a lot of people hold his book to be one of their favourites and one of the best books ever written.The book is treating the subject of how to make a better world and the dangers such a project involves. Huxley is making a point that any attempt to make a world that is "perfect" will end in making it much worse than it already is. Like communism, which was a very noble project, but when they tried to put into practice it proved to be something pretty close to hell, the world imagined by Huxley was intended to be good, more than good, perfect, but ended up being a place in which few of us would like to live. Of course, the book has a main character and a plot and everything a usual novel has, but in my opinion these elements are not that important but are only a pretext for the idea and the point Huxley is trying to make. The book is first of all a very important social critique, even though many will see it as science fiction. It's true that they even made a film based on it, but what matters is the message and the questions it raises. One of the most important questions it makes us try to answer is: is a world in which there are no conflicts and no poverty and no social problems whatsoever, but in which people have no freedom, a desirable world? This makes us wander as to what is really important in life, what is it that we value the most. In Brave New World they make people like we make cars today : perfect and without any defects. Genetical engineering was the only way accepted for bringing new people into existence, and the babies were grown in special places were they were conditioned for their future life. Society was now at peace because it had people that were ugly, weak and stupid and that found supreme pleasure in the lowest jobs and in the most degrading activities. But not because they wanted so, but because they were created and conditioned to love things that most of us would find repulsive. In Brave New World you would have no revolution of the poor, because the poor are always happy with what they are, but they are happy because the powerful created them so as to be incapable of wanting more. It's obvious that what they were creating was less than human, because the human is defined by free will, by imagination and desire. But by doing so all the problems that society faces today were solved before they were created. So, is it, or is it bad ? The book itself offers an answer, but part of what makes it so good is that it leaves enough space for the reader to give his own answers.In Brave New World all the people has the obligation to take drug called soma, which made everyone feel euphoric and satisfied. The drugs were provided by the state and those that refused to use the drug were treated as criminals, somehow similar to the way we treat those who use drugs like heroine. So another question that emerges as a very important and intriguing one is : is a world in which happiness is available for every one in the simple fact of using a substance, right or wrong? A drug is a substance that takes away all the trouble, emptiness and problems and replaces them with a dream-like state of mind in which everything is right. At least until you need another dose. Today, drug users have to steal or traffic drugs in order to afford their own drugs, but Huxley is making us wander : would it be ok if we lived in a world in which drugs are available for everyone, in which no one would have to commit any crime in order to get drugs? The answer is, again, not very simple, but Huxley is saying that he would prefer a world in which he has to face problems, trouble, lack of sense an incertitude, but still be lucid and able to reflect on his own situation and make decisions about it. I think he is saying that our very humanity has some very problematic issues in it's essence, but the only why we can preserve our humanity is to keep intact the very elements that produce most of the problems we face, elements like freedom, feelings, illness and other imperfections of our social and psychological world.I would like to end this short presentation by inviting everyone to read this book and see for themselves if it is a good one or I am just saying it is without any real motive.

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