REFERAT ENGLEZA: ETON SCHOOL

Publicat: 29 Aug 2008 00:00

Eton College was founded in 1440 by King Henry VI. The College originally had 70 King`s Scholars or `Collegers` who lived in the College and were educated free, and a small number of `Oppidans` who lived in the town of Eton and paid for their education.Today it is a secondary school (a `high school` in the American sense) for approximately 1,290 boys between the ages of 13 and 18, all of whom are boarders.The Governing Body of Eton College is known as `The Provost and Fellows`. It consists of a Provost (appointed by the Crown), a Vice-Provost, and ten other Fellows.Statute VI of the College provides that the Fellows shall be as follows:-The Provost of King`s College Cambridge [Senior Fellow] (a) -One Fellow to be elected by the Hebdomadal Council of Oxford University (b) -One Fellow to be elected by the Council of the Senate of Cambridge University (c) -One Fellow to be elected by the Council of the Royal Society (d) -One Fellow to be nominated by the Lord Chief Justice of England (e) -One Fellow to be elected by the Head Master, Lower Master, and Assistant Masters (f) -Four members to be elected by the Provost and Fellows themselves (g) ETON TODAYThere are now some 1280 boys in the School aged between 13 and 18, most of them resident in the United Kingdom but with some from overseas: rather more than 1200 Oppidans in addition to the 70 Collegers. Almost 20% of the boys in the School receive financial assistance by means of scholarships and bursaries: click here for further details.Every boy at Eton is a boarder in a House of about 50. Boarding requires a boy to take responsibility for his own life and to get on with a community of other people. It also provides him with a secure base and a focus of loyalty in a very large school, as well as an opportunity for exercising responsibility and leadership in a community. Each House is presided over by a House Master, who is responsible for the academic and personal welfare of his boys and for dealings with their parents. The House Master is assisted by a `Dame`, who looks after the health of the boys and the domestic affairs of the House. Every boy also has an academic `Tutor`, whom he sees regularly, and has access to a range of medical, pastoral, and counselling services.Eton is a religious foundation and religion continues to play a central role in the life of the community. Although the vast majority of boys belong to the Church of England, boys with many different religious affiliations attend Eton, and wherever possible we provide facilities to allow boys to practise and pursue their own beliefs.THE RELIGIOUS LIFE OF THE SCHOOLWorship during a boy`s time in the School is designed to meet his spiritual needs at each stage in his development. As well as the regular Chapel services, there are numerous optional opportunities for worship.Boys in their first two years worship in Lower Chapel. Boys in their third year have their own assembly, but attend services in College Chapel on some weekdays. Boys in their fourth and fifth years usually have a choice on weekdays between a service in College Chapel and an assembly in School Hall, and on some Sundays, along with boys in their third year, are given a choice between Choral Communion in College Chapel and an address in the Farrer Theatre. Services in both Chapels follow the practice of the Church of England.

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